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History Of Sewing Machines

Making a sort of chain stitch could be accomplished with the hooked needle by leaving the prior stitch loose and running the thread through the loose loop, then pulling it tight, sort of like a chain, which is where the term ‘chain stitch comes from. Get a gist of chain stitch history and how it lead to the invention of patches here on https://sewingmachinebuffs.com/how-to-iron-on-patches/.

Before the invention of the sewing machine, all sewing had to be done by hand. The seemingly simple hand stitch was difficult to duplicate with a machine. The difficulty in making a machine that could duplicate the hand-sewn chain stitch increased the popularity of the decorative stitch. Decorative stitching was done using a hooked needle but the stitches were not joined together. Joined stitches couldn’t be done by machine.

A German named Charles Weisenthal was granted British patent number 701 in 1755 for a double-pointed needle that also had an eye at one end. His design called for the needle to be passed through the fabric and then grasped by two mechanical fingers. The major problem with this design is that the entire needle had to be passed through the fabric and the thread had then be pulled taut. So the thread had to be pretty short so the people using the needles had to spend a lot of time ‘re-threading the needle.

Thirty-five years later, a cabinetmaker by the name of Thomas Saint was granted British patent number 1764. Since he was a cabinetmaker by trade the patent was incorrectly filed under the ‘Glues and Varnishes’ section. Almost eighty years later, the patent was (re)discovered (1873) by Newton Wilson. Wilson built a duplicate of the patent and found that it would not work without some very extensive modifications. This suggests that Thomas Saint never built the device he was granted the patent for in 1764. Although his design did include an overhead arm for carrying the needle and also included a basic tensioning system. Both of these features are still common in today’s sewing machines.

Although many patents were awarded, they all attempted to duplicate the human ‘chain stitch. Finally, a French tailor, named Barthelemy Thimonnier came up with the idea of using a machine that would make a stitch that could be easily accomplished by machine and did not attempt to duplicate the hand stitches. His variation used a horizontal arm mounted on a vertical reciprocating bar. This ‘needle bar projected from the end of the horizontal arm. His design was upside down compared to modern machines with the needle coming up from the bottom and used a foot pedal to power the machine. A tailor by trade, in 1830, Thimonnier was awarded a patent in 1830. 80 of Thimonniers machines were installed in a factory in Paris that made soldiers clothing. In a strange twist of fate, other tailors who feared the new machines would put them out of business broke into the factory and destroyed the machines.

The first machine made a chain stitch, which is very weak and can be easily pulled apart. Necessity is the mother of invention and the modern lockstitch was invented to overcome the shortcomings of the chain stitch.

Christmas Gift Ideas For Jennifer Lopez Fans

Jennifer Lopez is one of the few celebrities who has not only proven herself to be a good vocalist, but to also be a good actress as well. For this reason, it is not too surprising that Jennifer Lopez has so many fans. Here, we will take a much closer look at some of the different Christmas gift ideas that you may want to consider for Jennifer Lopez fans.

#1: Jennifer Lopez Brave CD

The newest Jennifer Lopez CD was released during 2007. It includes the hit single, “Do It Well.” Although the album has received some very mixed reviews, it is likely that the Jennifer Lopez fan in your life is bound to enjoy this album. It is even more likely that they will appreciate you giving it to them as a Christmas gift this holiday season. Just make sure that your Jennifer Lopez fan did not already rush out and buy this CD as soon as it was released before giving it to them as a Christmas gift!

#2: Jennifer Lopez Como Ama Una Mujer CD

It is likely that fans of Jennifer Lopez love the vocalist for her wonderful voice and spicy beats. If this is true of the Jennifer Lopez fan in your life, you may want to consider giving them the Jennifer Lopez Como Ama Una Mujer CD as a Christmas gift. The CD is all in Spanish – but don’t let this discourage you from giving the CD to a non-Spanish speaker as a Christmas gift. Even non-Spanish speakers are able to appreciate this Jennifer Lopez CD.

#3: Jennifer Lopez J to Tha Lo!: The Remixes CD

Any fan of Jennifer Lopez will be able to appreciate the Jennifer Lopez J to Tha Lo!: The Remixes CD, as it features remixes of some of her best songs. Some of these include, “I’m Gonna Be Alright,” “Love Don’t Cost a Thing,” “I’m Real,” “Waiting For Tonight,” “Ain’t It Funny,” “If You Had My Love,” and “Let’s Get Loud.” This may be one of the Jennifer Lopez Christmas gift ideas that you will really want to consider for the J-Lo fan in your life, as it is one of the vocalist’s least well-known albums.

#4: Jennifer Lopez Movies

There are a number of wonderful movies that Jennifer Lopez has starred in. One of these movies is Selena, which is the movie that brought J-Lo most of her recognition because of how well she played her role of the legendary singer, Selena. This movie is very dramatic, as it is based on the murder of Selena. Another one of the movies that you may want to consider giving the Jennifer Lopez fan in your life as a Christmas gift is Monster-in-Law. In this comedy, J-Lo plays the role of a girl who refuses to accept her future mother-in-law’s monster-like behavior. Some other great choices for the Jennifer Lopez fan in your life include Maid in Manhattan and Enough. It is likely that the J-Lo fan in your life will be sure to appreciate any of these movies as a Christmas gift this holiday season. While buying gift for a Jennifer Lopez fan is far different from buying Cadeau jongens 10 jaar, the most important things is to make the recipient happy. Hence, always consider the interest and preference of the recipients when choosing the right gift for them.

These are just some of the many Christmas gift ideas which are available on keuzehelper.nl for you to choose from for the Jennifer Lopez fan in your life. You may want to consider one of these Christmas gift ideas or another gift for the J-Lo fan in your life.

Does Paint By Numbers Help Relieve Stress?

Paint-by-numbers is really quite a great painting technique that acts as a stress reducer not only for adults but for children as well. The relation between stress and art is an intense one, and this fact cannot be denied at all. Paint-by-numbers is a unique kind of art therapy that not only enables the painters to invent a new form of painting but also help them in infusing life in their painted pictures.  

How can stress-level be reduced with Paint-by-numbers?

If you want to re-invent your inner creativity of painting pictures easily and conveniently, then Paint-by-numbers is the best solution. You do not have to push yourself hard to prove your painting skill; instead, it will be done with ease. This will definitely keep your stress controlled, and your mind will get relaxed and satisfied. Paint-by-numbers can help you to reach your aim or goal of becoming a good painter in the future, and this makes you happy from within.

Your inner skill of painting can be channelized in a positive direction, and you will soon experience happiness from the making of custom paintings. Since the Paint-by-numbers kit can be easily used, therefore, you can now portray your favorite pictures at any point in time, not only for killing your boredom but also for gaining the utmost happiness. Painting makes life much more colorful, and when numbers are involved, then the painting enjoyment automatically gets doubled.

Now, painting activity has become very much entertaining, and this entertainment can quench your thirst for becoming happy and stress-free. If you are frustrated in life, or something is bothering you continuously, then you can relax your mind by means of practicing the Paint-by-numbers method of painting. This painting adds creativity and color to your life, and automatically you will be able to resolve the most challenging situations of life.

This painting will keep your brain focussed completely, and thus you will not be able to concentrate on other stressful matters in life. If you say stress-free, then your mental health will automatically get improved at the end of the day. Stress always destroys relationships and the balance between professional and social life. Since this technique keeps you away from stress, therefore you find your life much hassle-free and free from chaos. You will be able to enjoy a sorted-out relationship and will be able to keep persons around you happy.

Paint by numbers with a frame can enable you to discover a new person in you. The Paint-by-numbers kit is so easy to use that you will not require any guidance; rather, you can do it on your own. So many colors are now available in the kits that you will automatically get excited by seeing them. The painting canvas is called the reflection of a person’s personality or mind. If you cannot share anything with anybody, then you can start practicing this technique for making your mind life and free from all disturbing thoughts preventing you from performing your daily life activities. Your brain will get stimulated, and you can discover a new meaning of life.